Motivation and background
Joint project: EnEff: City
Cities are in motion more than ever. In the course of various growth and shrinking processes, production sites in Germany were and still are relocated to the outskirts of cities, to foreign countries or to the countryside. Countless companies are struggling to maintain successful urban or peri-urban locations. The “Urban Factory” of the future recognizes the advantages of peri-urban production sites and finds resource-efficient solutions to meet current and future challenges. In order to achieve an optimal urban development and a future-oriented corporate organization, city and industry enter into a constructive dialogue.
From the perspective of the consortium, previous efficiency initiatives are rather too limited to meet the challenges of a factory in an urban environment. Until now, the focus has been exclusively set on electricity as an energy source or the reduction of material use in production. Therefore, the crucial unique feature, compared to other research projects, is the extension to methods and technologies that enable the reduction in consumption of all relevant resources in the urban context: electricity, heat, fuel, soil, urban society. The factory is in this case no longer considered as energy and resource consumer only, but rather as a possible supplier for the surrounding neighbourhoods with, for example, excess thermal energy that accrues in the production and that can be distributed by a local heat network.
On the basis of pilot projects, the research project develops a knowledge platform for energy and resource efficiency in industrial production and in the city. Starting point is the interdisciplinary approach of various pilot models of factories in urban areas from the perspective of urban planning, urban development, industrial construction, factory planning, logistics and energy design. Companies and urban structures shall be analyzed as well. This investigation of reference projects assures a general derivation of practical measures in the shape of interconnected planning methods and specific technological components that can be applied to numerous other projects.
Funding period: 09.2015 – 08.2018